chhath Puja 2021: Chhath festival is considered to be the only festival to worship the rising and setting sun. It is a folk festival celebrated on Shashthi Tithi in the Shukla Paksha of Kartik month. It is also known as Surya Shashthi. This festival is celebrated 6 days after Diwali. Mainly this festival is celebrated with great pomp in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand and Eastern Uttar Pradesh of North India. But in the last few years, Chhath Puja has got special recognition as a folk festival. This is the reason that now apart from Bihar-Jharkhand, the glory of this festival is also seen in many parts of the country. In Chhath Puja, there is a law to worship Sun God and Chhathi Maiya and offer them Arghya.
Chhath Puja 2021: Dates
- November 8 – The first day, Chhath Puja starts with bathe and eat.
- 9th November – Second day, Kharna fasting and Kheer offerings in the night
November 10 – Third day, evening Arghya of Chhath Puja
November 11 – Fourth day, Usha Arghya and Parana of Chhath Puja
Sunrise on the day of Chhath Puja – 06:40
Sunset on the day of Chhath Puja – 17:31
Shashthi Tithi Start – 10:35 (9 November 2021)
Shashthi date ends – 08:24 (November 10, 2021)
36 hours of fasting, 4 days of celebration
Chhath Puja is a four-day long folk festival. It is a four-day festival, which begins on Kartik Shukla Chaturthi and ends on Kartik Shukla Saptami.
Day 1 – Take a bath
On this day the house is cleaned after bath and vegetarian food is taken to protect the mind from tamasic tendencies. On this day, after bathing, wearing new clothes, after worship, take gram dal, pumpkin vegetable and rice as prasad. After the fast is eaten, all the family members take food.
Day 2 – Kharna
The whole day’s fast is observed in Kharna. On this day one does not accept even a drop of Vratijal. In the evening, the fasting prepares jaggery kheer on a wooden stove and eats bread greased with ghee. The rest of the members of the house also accept it as Prasad. From then on, the 36-hour waterless fast begins. Mythological belief is that only after the Kharna Puja, the sixth Maya enters the house.
Day 3 – Sandhya Arghya
Arghya is offered to the Sun God in the evening on Kartik Shukla Shashthi, the third day of Chhath festival. In the evening, Arghya soup is decorated with fruits, thekua, rice laddus etc. in a bamboo basket, after which the devotees offer Arghya with their families to Surya. At the time of Arghya, water and milk are offered to the Sun God and Chhathi Maiya is worshiped with a soup filled with prasad. After worshiping the Sun God, songs of Chhathi Mata are sung in the night and the fast story is heard.
Day 4 – Usha Arghya
Arghya is offered to the Sun God in the morning on the last day of Chhath festival. On this day, before sunrise, after reaching the river Ghat, offer Arghya to the rising sun. After this, a boon is sought from Chhath Mata for the protection of the child and the happiness and peace of the whole family. After the puja, the devotees pass it by drinking sherbet of raw milk and eating some prasad. This fast ends with the morning Arghya